- Official Name: The People’s Republic of Bangladesh
- State Religion: Islam but other main religions namely Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity are practiced in peace and harmony.
- State Language: Bangla
- National Anthem: The first ten lines of “Amar Sonar Bangla”. Written by Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore.
- National Flag: Consists of a circle colored red throughout its area, resting on a green rectangular background. The length to width ratio of the rectangle is 10:6 and the circle has a radius of one fifth of the length.
- National Emblem: The national flower “Shapla” (nymphea-nouchali) resting on water, having on each side an ear of paddy and being surmounted by three connected leaves of jute with two stars on each side of the leaves.
- Geographical Location: Between 20°34′ and 26°38′ north latitudes and between 88°01′ and 92°41′ east longitudes.
- Capital: Dhaka
- Nationality: Bangladeshi
- Name of Currency: Taka (TK)
- Notes: Taka 1000, 500, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 & 1
- Boundary: North, India
- West: India
- South: Bay of Bengal
- East: India and Myanmar
- Area: 56977 sq. miles or 147570 sq. km.
- Territorial Water: 200 nautical miles.
- Population:6 million (2013) (http://www.googleadservices.com)
History of Bangladesh:After the demise of British Empire in 1947, Bengal was partitioned as a province of West Pakistan with being renamed as East Pakistan. Dhaka was declared as its capital. The government of Pakistan — dominated largely by the west — declared Urdu as the only official language of the entire Pakistan which triggered a massive dissatisfaction among the people of the east. On 21 February, 1952, Bengali students in East Pakistan rose up for the mother tongue and protested against this decision. As police open fired to their possession, several students died for defending their language. The glorified sacrifice of these martyrs is now observed not only in Bangladesh but also all over the world as International Mother Language Day.
Displeasure on the west in the issues of economic and cultural domination resulted into the emergence of Awami League as the strongest political voice of East Pakistan. In his historic speech before hundred thousands of people at the Suhrawardy Udyan on March 7, 1971, the president of Awami League and the father of the nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, called upon all the people of East Pakistan to launch a decisive struggle against the Pakistani occupation and take all-out preparation for the War of Liberation.On March 25, 1971, President Yahya Khan and his military officials launched extremely bloody measurement called Operation Searchlight on the innocent civilians of Bangladesh. People from all ages fought against Pakistani Army to protect the loving motherland.
Amidst the sacrifice of countless Bangladeshi souls, Pakistani Army finally surrendered to the Bangladesh-India Allied Forces on 16 December 1971. The nine month long Bangladesh’s Liberation War won on that day. And Bangladesh, with a lot of promise and hopes, starts its glorious journey.
The National Emblem of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. The national flower Shapla (water lily) is surrounded by two sheaves of rice. Above the water lily are four stars and a three jute leaves. The national emblem of Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশের জাতীয় প্রতীক) was adopted shortly after independence in 1971
The Government Seal of Bangladesh used by the Ministries of Bangladesh and the Government of Bangladesh on official documents. One version is used on the cover page of Bangladeshi passports. The Seal features the same design elements as the first Flag of Bangladesh in a circular setting.
The Shapla (Nymphaea nouchali) is the national flower of Bangladesh. Nymphaea nouchali is considered a medicinal plant in Indian Ayurvedic medicine under the name Ambal; it was mainly used to treat indigestion
The Jackfruit (Artocarpusheterophyllus) is the national fruit of Bangladesh. It is native to parts of South and Southeast Asia and widely cultivated in tropical regions of Bangladesh.
The Royal Bengal Tiger (Pantheratigristigris) is the national animal of Bangladesh. The tiger replaces the lion as King of the Beasts in cultures of eastern Asia representing royalty, fearlessness and wrath. Members of the East Bengal Regiment of the Bangladesh Army are nicked ‘Bengal Tigers’; the regiment’s logo is a tiger face and The Bangladesh Cricket Board’s logo features a Royal Bengal Tiger.
HilshaThe Ilish or Hilsha, is national fish of Bangladesh. The Ilish is a popular fish to eat among the people of South Asia.
The Magpie Robin (Copsychussaularis) is the national Bird of Bangladesh, where it is common and known as the Doyel or Doel. They are common birds in urban gardens as well as forests. They are particularly well known for their songs. It is a widely used symbol in Bangladesh, appearing on currency notes, and a landmark in the city of Dhaka is named as the DoyelChatwar (meaning: Doyel Square).
Bangladesh has a very fertile alluvial soil which gives the country abundant crops every year. These lands are like our parents, our eternal guardian who take cares of us, nurture us with providing our primitive needs. With a grand and resourceful Bay of Bengal at its south, Bangladesh is called the land of rivers. As a riverine country, about 700 rivers including tributaries flow through the country in which the souls and livelihood of Bangladeshi people are strongly connected. Covered with diversified natural wonders and wildlife, this country sees a wide range of Hills in the Chittagong Hill Tracts in the southeast and Sylhet division in the northeast. The Sundarbans — home of the majestic Royal Bengal Tiger — are the largest littoral mangrove forest in the world as well as the most important and the biggest forest of Bangladesh. This land is the safest sanctuary for a diverse range of wildlife.
Our climate, frankly, complements our lands. It completes the stories of our land. Bangladesh is not only a land of stories, but also a land of six wonderful seasons. Seasons that will definitely excite you with their diverse characteristics. The colorful six seasons will appear in front of you with six distinguished beauties.
In the matter of faith and belief, the majority of Bangladeshi population is Muslims. The remaining population is consisted of Hindus, Buddhists, Christians, and others. In Bangladesh, there exists no boundary between the people of various religions. In happiness, sadness, or even celebration, we live here like the perpetual siblings of a common motherland.
Bangladesh has a rich and diverse culture which is reflected in the architecture, culture, literature, music, painting, clothing, discourse etc. Even in this era of rock ‘n’ roll, Bangladeshi culture is still being cherished and respected by the people of all over the world. Even the culture of the tribes is rich and diverse too. Some festivals are based on social and political significances with marking our communal and national value, some are religious, and some are even observed seasonally. Bangladeshi people have so many reasons to cheer their life and soul. This is why this land is called the Land of Festivals.
The official language of Bangladesh is Bangla (or, Bengali). Dated even before the birth of Christ, Bangla was widely spoken in this region, and now spoken by more than 200 million people all over the world. It has some various dialects with different accents, pronunciations and minor grammatical changes in different region in Bangladesh. Based on usage, Bangla is divided in two forms: sadhu bhasha (formal language) and cholitobhasha (common language).
If opting for second language, most Bangladeshi people chose English as they have practical efficiency in English and its interactive usage in common situation. Apart from our official language, there are a significant number of tribal languages are spoken by the tribes of Bangladesh. The major and well-known tribal languages are Garo, Khashia, Magh, Manipuri, Munda, Chakma, Tipra etc.
National Flag of Bangladesh:
With a red circle — which represents the rising sun and the bloody sacrifices of countless Bangladeshi people for their freedom — on a bottle green background which symbolizes our wonderful natural resources, the national flag of Bangladesh stands as high as our pride and love for our motherland.